This publication explores the Holocaust as a social method. even supposing the mass homicide of eu Jews was once primarily the results of political-ideological judgements made by way of the Nazi nation management, the occasions of the Holocaust have been additionally half of a social dynamic. All eu societies skilled advancements that led to the social exclusion, persecution and homicide of the continent's Jews. This quantity as a result questions Raul Hilberg's class of the 'bystander'. In societies the place the political order expects electorate to recommend the exclusion of specific teams within the inhabitants, there can't be any thoroughly uninvolved bystanders. as a substitute, this publication examines the multifarious varieties of social motion and behavior attached with the Holocaust. It makes a speciality of associations and individuals, helpers, co-perpetrators, facilitators and spectators, beneficiaries and profiteers, in addition to Jewish sufferers and Jewish businesses attempting to do something about the dynamics of exclusion and persecution.