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By Joanna S. Smith

Dramatic social and political switch marks the interval from the tip of the past due Bronze Age into the Iron Age (ca. 1300-700 BCE) around the Mediterranean. Inland palatial facilities of bureaucratic energy weakened or collapsed ca. 1200 BCE whereas entrepreneurial trade by means of sea survived or even elevated, changing into the Mediterranean-wide community of Phoenician exchange. on the center of that method used to be Kition, one of many greatest harbor towns of old Cyprus. past study has advised that Phoenician rule used to be proven at Kition after the abandonment of a part of its Bronze Age payment. A reexamination of Kition's structure, stratigraphy, inscriptions, sculpture, and ceramics demonstrates that it used to be no longer deserted. This research emphasizes the situation and scale of pictures and the way they display the improvement of financial and social keep an eye on at Kition from its institution within the 13th century BCE till the advance of a centralized type of govt by means of the Phoenicians, sponsored by means of the Assyrian king, in 707 BCE.

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